There are different methods available to treat cancer. Standard methods include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, and biological therapy. Surgery prevents and tests cancer. It is done by removing cancerous tumors and tissues. 

Chemotherapy uses a drug to shrink cancer cells. It is usually given as a pill or given through a vein. Unlike surgery, chemotherapy affects the entire body. It targets cancer cells that are multiplying rapidly, but it can also cause the other types of cells in our body to multiply. Side effects of treatment can include hair loss and an upset stomach. Learn more about chemotherapy via

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Radiation therapy uses certain types of energy to shrink tumors or kill cancer cells. It works by damaging the DNA of a cancer cell, making it unable to multiply. Cancer cells are very sensitive to radiation and usually die when treated. Healthy cells nearby can also be damaged, but they are tough and can make a full recovery.

Biological therapy is a term for drugs that target the characteristics of cancerous tumors. Some types of this work block the biological process that allows tumors to thrive and grow. Other types of therapies cut off the blood supply to the tumor, which basically starves it and dies due to lack of blood.

Cancer drugs and therapies are continually being investigated in clinical trials to improve current methods and gather new information on treatments for cancer patients. To test the effectiveness of these procedures, this research needs volunteers who meet certain criteria.

Others may choose alternative cancer treatments. Today, oncologists show a significant interest in herbal medicine. Clinical data in the past showed that some herbs possessed anticancer properties, but they were discarded for lack of scientific validity and evidence.