Because of poor continued use of painkillers and other prescription drugs, disorders of opioid use (OUD) was a major cause of morbidity and mortality among young people in the United States. The peak of the non-medical use of medication drugs has even exceeded the use of illegal drugs.
Prescription drugs have thus emerged as the second most commonly abused substance among Americans in the age group of 14 and above. So to cure this, medication-assisted therapy is very helpful for children of this age group.
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OUD is a chronic relapsing neurological disorder that alters the reward center of the brain that is responsible for cravings and compulsive substance use.
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recently recommended that pediatricians should consider medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for adolescents with severe Ouds.
The recommendations are:
1. Improve the treatment of opioid dependence by MAT.
2. Increase resources to improve access to primary care in the MAT and access to disorders of the use of suitable material development (SUD) advice in the community.
3. Consider providing MAT adolescents and young adults Ouds or discuss referrals to other treatment providers.
4. Conduct research on the appropriate treatment to the development of SUD in adolescents and young adults involving primary and secondary impediments, behavioral interventions and drug treatment.